Engineering researcher works to make auto seatbelts safer for obese people

Phys.org | February 06, 2019

When a hard-hitting frontal car crash occurs, seatbelts engage and airbags deploy. It all happens in milliseconds, and the vehicle's safety features save lives. But these safety systems are not perfect and are not optimized for every body type and size. In fact, restraint systems in automobiles are designed for the average adult male: five feet, nine inches, 172 pounds, with a body mass index, or BMI, of 25. This is just slightly overweight.
That doesn't describe most Americans, who may be much larger or smaller. About one-third of the U.S. adult population is obese. Obesity is defined by the World Health Organization as a body mass index of 30 or greater. BMI is an individual's mass divided by the square of height.

Spotlight

This Business white paper presents an overall OpenFOAM experiment in which SGI performed parallel executions of two OpenFOAM executable modules, namely snappyHexMesh and simpleFoam. These experiments were based on the OpenFOAM MotorBike tutorial model. Initially, the model was created using its default setup using the OpenFOAM blockMesh module.

Spotlight

This Business white paper presents an overall OpenFOAM experiment in which SGI performed parallel executions of two OpenFOAM executable modules, namely snappyHexMesh and simpleFoam. These experiments were based on the OpenFOAM MotorBike tutorial model. Initially, the model was created using its default setup using the OpenFOAM blockMesh module.

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Eco Wave Power Receives Final Engineering Coordination Permit for EWP-EDF One Project Cement Works and Floaters Installation

Eco Wave Power | February 08, 2021

In a huge administrative achievement, Eco Wave Power is satisfied to report that today it got the designing coordination license from the Municipality of Tel-Aviv Jaffa required for the concrete works and establishment of ten floaters for the EWP-EDF One wave energy project in the Port of Jaffa, Israel. This license permits Eco Wave Power to continue with the real establishment of the undertaking in the ocean side of the jetty, which will incorporate concrete works for the barrier's support and the establishment of 10 floaters, on 30 direct meters of a previous embankment inside the port, having an introduced limit of 100 KW. Every floater will have a surface zone of 8.54 square meters. All affable works were arranged and will be directed by Alex Gleizer, a structural architect with 25 years of involvement, executing projects for the Israeli Railway Company, the Israeli Air Force, and the Israeli Electric Company. "I have taken part in multiple energy projects, such as a 495MW traditional power station in 2012 and a pumped storage hydroelectricity project in the Gilboa in Israel in 2017, but Eco Wave Power's wave energy technology is definitely the most unique and innovative project that I have taken part in. I am very excited to take part in this project by supervising the execution of the civil works in a safe and reliable manner," said Alex Gleizer. "We are delighted to announce this milestone, which is a final engineering coordination permit that enables us to continue with the cement works and floaters' installation portion of our works, and is bringing us one step closer to deploying our second grid-connected wave energy power station. Due to the onshore nature of the Eco Wave Power technology, the cement and floaters installation works will be straightforward and will not involve any ships, divers, underwater cables or underwater moorings, which are known to be extremely expensive and complex. All works will be performed from the land side, using standard equipment such as cranes, thus reinforcing the cost-effectiveness of the Eco Wave Power technology, in comparison to offshore solutions," said Inna Braverman, Founder and CEO of Eco Wave Power. The works, which will be executed by means of a sub-worker for hire, are relied upon to be finished in the forthcoming months. The EWP-EDF One venture is executed as a team with EDF Renewables IL and co-subsidizing from the Israeli Energy Ministry.

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ENGINEERING TECH

NuScale Power Secures Samsung C&T Corporation Investment and Support for Global SMR Deployment

Samsung C&T’s Engineering & Construction Group | July 23, 2021

NuScale Power announced today that Samsung C&T Corporation has agreed to make an equity investment in the company to help fund the deployment of its ground-breaking tiny modular reactor (SMR). In conjunction with the investment, Samsung C&T and NuScale’s main engineering, construction, and procurement (EPC) partner, Fluor Corporation, are working on a business collaboration agreement to expand the capabilities available for the future NuScale project deployment. Samsung C&T, a reputable nuclear power plant contractor, helped build the four-unit Barakah Nuclear Power Plant in the United Arab Emirates. Samsung C&T will act as a strategic partner to Fluor and other prospective project participants under its agreements with NuScale and Fluor, relying on its nuclear construction expertise to complete the Barakah Plants and Uljin South Korea Nos. 5 and 6 Plants. NuScale made history the first and only SMR to receive design approval from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in August 2020. In July 2021, the Commission published the proposed rule that would certify the NuScale design – a critical step toward the construction and deployment of this SMR technology. The firm maintains strong program momentum toward commercialization of its SMR technology, including supply chain development, standard plant design, plant delivery program planning, and startup and commissioning plans. About NuScale Power NuScale Power has introduced a new modular light water reactor nuclear power plant that will provide energy for electrical generation, district heating, desalination, hydrogen production, and other process heat applications. This ground-breaking small modular reactor (SMR) design incorporates a fully factory-fabricated NuScale Power Module capable of producing 77 MW of electricity through a safer, smaller, and more scalable form of pressurized water reactor technology. The scalable design of NuScale—power plants that can house up to four, six, or 12 individual power modules—provides the benefits of carbon-free energy while reducing the financial commitments associated with gigawatt-sized nuclear facilities. Fluor Corporation, a global engineering, procurement, and construction company with a 70-year of experience in commercial nuclear power, is the majority shareholder in NuScale. About Samsung C&T’s Engineering & Construction Group The Engineering & Construction Group of Samsung C&T has more than 40 years of engineering and construction expertise operating globally. The group focuses on commercial and residential buildings, civil infrastructure, and plant construction. Its major projects include the world’s tallest building, the Riyadh Metro Project in Saudi Arabia, and the 5,600MW Barakah Nuclear Power Plant Project in the UAE.

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ENGINEERING TECH

Oceaneering to Team with Collins Aerospace, ILC Dover on NASA’s Next-Generation Spacesuit Program

Oceaneering Space Systems | June 13, 2022

Oceaneering International announces that Oceaneering Space Systems (OSS), a division of the Aerospace and Defense Technologies segment, will serve on a team led by Collins Aerospace (Collins), a Raytheon Technologies business selected by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to develop next-generation extravehicular spacesuits. NASA is enlisting commercial partners to develop, build, and maintain new spacesuit technology. The Collins team, which also includes ILC Dover, has decades of experience supplying spacesuits to NASA. Collins is one of two companies that received access to a NASA contract for Extravehicular Activity Services (“xEVAS”) worth up to $3.5 billion over 12 years to supply spacesuits for future missions. Next-generation spacesuits require new technologies for missions targeted to begin as early as 2025 through 2034. These new suits are expected to allow astronauts to work outside the International Space Station, explore the lunar surface on Artemis missions, and prepare for human missions to Mars. Additionally, the suits are expected to accommodate nearly every astronaut body type, provide added flexibility to allow for increased mission times, and be adaptable to evolving technology enhancements as required. “These suits will provide a better fit and comfort for the astronauts, increasing their mobility to safely operate on the surface of the moon,” said Carl Walz, former NASA astronaut and longtime Director of Business Development for OSS. We are thrilled to work alongside teammates Collins and ILC Dover on this xEVAS contract to deliver the most capable spacesuit systems possible to get NASA astronauts to the moon and beyond. This award builds upon Oceaneering’s longstanding relationships with Collins, ILC Dover and NASA and its experience in prior spacesuit programs. Oceaneering has proudly enabled successful space missions for NASA alongside our industry partners for over 40 years, delivering thousands of products and mission support for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and its international partners’ extravehicular activity.” Rod Larson, President and Chief Executive Officer About Oceaneering Space Systems Oceaneering Space Systems is a leader in specialized engineering for harsh environments from sea to space. We complete turnkey design, development, manufacturing, certification, maintenance, testing and sustaining engineering for space-based robotics and automation, satellite servicing tools and equipment, human space flight systems and thermal protection systems. Our diverse engineering experience and precision manufacturing capabilities enable us to deliver product quality and mission assurance while maintaining an uncompromised focus on safety. Oceaneering is a global technology company delivering engineered services and products and robotic solutions to the offshore energy, defense, aerospace, manufacturing and entertainment industries.

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